The Modern Galileos


Next year will be the centenary of Einstein’s general theory of relativity. Someone has decided 2015 will be celebrating this as the International Year Of Light whether he’s right or wrong. It’s a gravity based theory, to explain the model universe and its BFF is the Big Bang theory because General Relativity doesn’t work unless the universe is proven to be contracting or expanding.

Dr. Halton C. Arp is an astronomer often referred to as The Modern Galileo for the professional persecutions he suffered. His research contradicts the current interpretation of a core principal of the Big Bang theory as it is taught in highschool todayredshift. NASA says “Scientists measure cosmic distances via redshift, the extent to which light is “shifted” towards the red (lower energy) part of the electromagnetic spectrum.” “The biggest redshifts belonged to quasars — brilliant, pointlike objects that are presumably at the edge of the universe.”[1] But Arp’s photographs caused him to question that assumption. In his view redshift is a measure of age not distance, and so not evidence our universe is expanding after a Big Bang.[2] In 1966 Halton Arp  published an “atlas of peculiar galaxies”

the twisted, distorted shapes and curious linkages pictured there suggest that viscosity-like forces are present. Probably the only agency likely to account for this is that of magnetic fields that interconnect regions of wholly or partially ionized gas. Magnetic forces are very difficult to study optically, but are undoubtedly of great importance in our universe. Recent radio astronomy discoveries of violent events in galaxies reveal sources of energetic charged particles. These charged particles interact with magnetic fields and offer the hope of mapping, measuring, and understanding cosmic magnetic fields. The connection between the plasmas observed with the radio telescopes and the optical evidences of plasma effects pictured in the present Atlas is now open to us.

“I’ve always said that that cause of the troubles is the american graduate school. When we graduated our first degree we were independant. We could thumb our noses at the professors. In fact the best way to get ahead was to do something the older people didn’t agree with!- Sir Fred Hoyle (astronomer who coined the term “big bang’ and was its staunch opponent )

In the 1950’s Immanuel Velikovsky, who was a psychiatrist, said he was surprised to find that astronomy was still stuck ‘in the age of the gaslight’ as he followed the obvious (to him) evidence of electrical behaviour of celestial bodies and convergent ancient records which led to his sensational book “Worlds in Collision”.  He proposed that the stable ‘never perturbed system’ which is basis of the geology, astronomy, biology and the theory of evolution of the day was ‘wishful thinking’, and most outrageously that “at the time of moses 34 centuries ago  a giant comet which later became the planet venus, nearly collided with the earth. On 2 occasions the earth passed through the tail of this comet and experienced intense heating and enormous tides, incessant electric discharges, rains of hot stones and a deluge of fire.” Although it was a best seller, due to academic animosity the publisher Macmillan, threatened with a boycott of its textbooks, transferred publishing rights to Doubleday. Macmillan editor James Putnam, who had been with the company for 25 years and had negotiated the contract for Worlds in Collision, was fired.

David Talbott and Wallace Thornhill ” believe that Velikovsky was incorrect on many particulars, some of them crucial to a proper understanding of ancient events. But his place among the great pioneers of science will be secure if he was correct on the underlying tenets” Wal Thornhill in Peter Mungo Jupp’s introduction to the work of Velikovsky

“hand written comments” Einstein made to Velikovsky’s Worlds in Collision included “nonsensical” and “impossible”. Be that as it may, [Velikovsk’s second book] Earth in Upheaval differs from Worlds in Collision in that it makes no outlandish claims of giant comets passing close by the earth, but relies solely on hard evidence, painstakingly collected from an enormous wealth of information. Of course, the information available to Velikovsky is dated by our standards, but it is interesting to note that catastrophism has become an accepted fact in evolutionary history today. In the 1940s and 50s, uniformity was the standard model of evolutionary processes, with no interruptions, but only slow changes over vast periods of time; what has become known as classical Darwinism. >Citing numerous anomalies in the geological record, Velikovsky determines that the last ice age probably ended a scant 10 to 12 thousand years ago, in stark contrast to conventional dating at the time which assigned the end of the last ice age to over a million years ago. In recent years, it has become pretty much accepted that the last ice age did end only 10 or 12 thousand years ago, although the older version of one million or more years ago is still commonly taught. [3]

“The worst aspect of the Velikovsky affair is not that his hypotheses were wrong or in contradiction to firmly established facts, but that some who called themselves scientists attempted to suppress Velikovsky’s work. The suppression of uncomfortable ideas may be common in religion and politics, but it is not the path to knowledge; it has no place in the endeavor of science.” – Carl Sagan

Read more: Our October speaker Wallace Thornhill discusses the Galilean problem on his website.

Velikovsky’s three books are available on Kindle

1. Obituary Halton Arp


3. book review “Earth in Upheaval.

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